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Give me some wax that bees have made
And I will offer you in trade
A candle that is aromatic
Pure, unique and charismatic
  Grant D. Morse

Beeswax

Beeswax is the material that bees produce for making their combs.
The Greek philosopher Aristoteles wrote between 344 and 342 B.C.  that beeswax originates in the flowers. This theory predominated until the Renaissance. Swammmerdam wrote in 1673 that wax was prepared by bees from pollen. In 1684 Martin John observed for the first time wax scales. In 1744 the German scientist Hornbostel reported that bees themselves produce the wax.

Beeswax has many uses. The old Egyptians used beeswax when embalming and mummification of their pharaons and for modelling, the Persians used wax to embalm the dead,  while the ancient Romans modelled death masks and life-size effigies from beeswax.
Beekeepers use beeswax to make foundatations for their combs, it 
is used in cosmetics as an ingredient of creams, ointments and lotions. 



You can download for free the Honey Book if you are a member,
of the Bee Hexagon Knowledge Network (free membership offered).
The book will be updated, look at the publication date.

The Beeswax Book                                                                 

                                                                             Update                                               

1. Beeswax: Production, Composition and Control April 2016
2. Beeswax; History, Uses and Trade April 2016

Book originally published in 2011, since then chapters were annually updated